28 Aug It was not war; they did not understand yielding. As long as their national drum beat, the whole party would stand, and allow themselves to be. Introduction: The Santhal Rebellion was the most serious challenge faced by the English East India Company in the first century of its rule. Until June Santal Rebellion of Atis Dasgupta. I would briefly describe in this paper the general character of the Santal. Rebellion () and certain.

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The revolt was brutally crushed, the two celebrated leaders Sidhu and Kanhu were killed.

Join our mailing list to recieve the latest news and updates from our team. They speak Santhali language and worship their own gods. But as the agents of the new colonial rule claimed their rights on the lands, the Santhals retreated to the hills of Rajmahal.

It was a revolt against the oppression of the colonial rule propagated through a distorted revenue system, enforced by the local zamindars, the police and the courts of the legal system set up by the British. There is also an increase in the amount of irrigated land.

The brothers sent emissaries across Santhal lands with Sal Shorea robusta branches as a rebelion form of communication. E-mail this Article Post a Comment.

The Forgotten Santhal Revolt of 1855

Household Words Vol Recently Updated Articles in History of India. Major skirmishes occurred from July to Januaryin places like Kahalgaon, Suri, Raghunathpur, and Munkatora. The Santhals of Jharkhand in present day Wikimedia Commons. Rebellions in India History of Jharkhand Conflicts in But when the British claimed their rights on the lands of the Santhals, they peacefully went to reside in the hills of Rajamahal.

They lived an agrarian lifestyle, by clearing forest patches, cultivation and hunting for subsistence. The uprising of the Santhals began as a tribal reaction to and despotic British revenue system, usury practices, and the zamindari system in India; in the tribal belt of what was then known as the Bengal Presidency.


Like inthe Santhals are unhappy about losing control and the rights over the land they feel is part of them.

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rebwllion When their drum ceased, they would move off a quarter of a mile; then their drums beat again, and they calmly stood till we came up and poured a few volleys into them. It is estimated that between 15, to 20, Santhals were killed by the British.

Both men and women work to bring home adequate income for their families. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. The rebels decided to drive out the money lenders and Zamindars. Even though the rebellion was suppressed within a year in by the Company, few pockets of Santhal resistance continued till The Santhals continue to take up cudgels against the authorities and their frustrations have deep sanfhal.

While the Santhals were defeated, this revolt did propel the British authorities to acknowledge their follies. On one side were tribes fighting with bows and arrows and on the other were the British and their agents, the Zamindars with the latest weapons. Zamindars and the money lenders allured them by goods lent to them on loansthrough corrupt practices of the money lendersthe loan grew to prohibitive rebelion, for repaying which entire family had to work as bonded labourers.

The day is still celebrated among the Santal community with great respect and spirit for the thousands of the Santal martyrs who sacrificed their lives along with their two celebrated leaders to win freedom from the rule of the Jamindars and the British operatives.

Decades later, caught up in politics and allegedly funded and armed by external agencies the Naxalite movement bears little resemblance to what it started out as, leave alone the Santhal Rebelloin of On 30 June danthal, two Santal rebel leaders, Sidhu and Kanhu Murmudebellion ten thousand Santhals and declared a rebeolion against British colonists.

Santhals followed the barter system, but the Zamindars had to be paid in cash. The attacke against the British was launched by two rebel leaders, Sidhu and Kanhu Murmu. This page was last edited on 22 Octoberat A forum dedicated for talking about anything related to Indian reference.


This also brought to an end, the old tribal systems rebfllion political structures that had continued here for generations. As years passed things got worse.

Santhal Rebellion Stock Photos & Santhal Rebellion Stock Images – Alamy

These loans however hard a santhal tried to repay never ended in fact through corrupt measures of the money lenders it multipled to an amount for which a generation of the santhal family had to work as slaves. Just two years before the revolt ofthere was another revolt in North India against the British. The exploitation at the hands of the local zamindars and the British led to an armed revolt.

Initially a small contingent was sent to suppress the rebels but it could not succeed and this further fueled the spirit of the revolt. Their arrows often killed our men, and so we had to fire on them as long as they stood.

Soon after the declaration the Santhals took to arms. Thousands of innocent people have been killed in a battle that seems nowhere near an end! The brothers Sidhu and Kanhu, were among the casualties. The basic purpose was to collect taxes by making his own laws. Of the 60,odd tribesmen who had been mobilised in the rebellion, over 15, were killed, and tens of villages were destroyed.

The once tribal protest over land has become a violent and vicious gorilla war, burning through the heart of India – the Red Corridor – as it is called. There was not a sepoy in the war who did not feel ashamed of himself. The tweezers grip of money lenders and the loss of identity, created a deep sense of resentment among the Santhals.